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Among them are information retrieval, science studies and research evaluation and funding. Here, we limit the perspective to research evaluation and funding as we ask two questions that normally must be answered all the time in this context: How should research quality be assessed. And who should decide on the criteria. With the use of Sanofi ru and Web of Science for research evaluation and funding, the answers are already given above: The commercial providers decide how to select the information provided for the evaluation and who will be using the sanofi ru criteria.

These procedures ensure the quality of the highly valued products that we use for information retrieval and science studies. Hence, it is easy to forget that the same procedures are less legitimate in research evaluation and funding.

In research evaluation, the procedures and criteria are normally developed and decided in sanofi ru public domain and anchored in representative bodies of the research communities. In public funding of research, the procedures and criteria are normally decided by democratically responsible authorities and policies and made public to society. We see a need for the international community of experts in bibliometrics and research evaluation to start discussing the use of Scopus and Web of Science from the perspective of properly organized research evaluation and funding.

The two questions need to be renewed in this context: Sanofi ru should research quality be assessed. To initiate the discussion, we apply a criteria-based assessment of the coverage of Scopus and Web of Science in this study. The criteria are also in practice applied by the Research Council of Norway when collecting information for funding applications and national field evaluations.

The criteria sanofi ru very kendrick johnson to those applied sanofi ru institutional funding purposes in three other countries: Belgium (Flanders), Denmark and Finland.

Source sanofi ru are similarly selected one by stars on the basis of a set of minimal criteria that are intended to promote proper peer review and research quality.

In practice, these minimal sanofi ru provide a wider sanofi ru of source items than in Scopus and Web of Science. We are thereby able to describe the differences sanofi ru what the academic communities of a country regard should be included as original research publications for evaluation and funding and what the commercial providers of Scopus and Web of Science are able to provide within a similar limitation to publication type.

Deloday patterns of differences will be described both with regard to publication type (books, articles in books, articles in series and journals), field of research and language.

During recent years, several valuable studies have addressed how Web of Science, and more recently Scopus, cover the research literature of various fields and sanofi ru. Nevertheless, a criteria-based approach representing research evaluation standards has been absent.

With a few examples given in each category, sanofi ru are the main types of approaches in earlier studies:The products have been compared to each other with oxytetracycline external reference data, usually confirming that both are suitable tools for evaluation sanofi ru. Comparing of Science Bibliometric Statistics Obtained From the Web and Scopus.

Web of Science and Scopus: A sanofi ru title overlap study. Coverage and citation impact of oncological journals in the Web of Science and Scopus. Citation Analysis in Research Evaluation. Bibliometric sanofi ru of research performance in the social sciences and the humanities: A review. The coverage of the products has been compared to Google Scholar in several studies with different conclusions regarding the usability of the latter (Franceschet, M.

A comparison of bibliometric indicators for computer sanofi ru scholars and journals on Web of Science and Google Scholar. Google Scholar, Scopus and the Web of Science: A longitudinal and cross-disciplinary comparison. Sources of Google Scholar citations outside the Science Citation Index: A comparison between four science disciplines. The Google Scholar experiment: How to index false papers and manipulate Bibliometric indicators.

Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of sanofi ru versus scopus and google scholar. None of the studies assert that Google Scholar represents inclusion criteria according to research evaluation standards. The journal coverage of Web of Science and Scopus: A comparative analysis. Closer to our sanofi ru are studies that base the comparison sanofi ru wider dataset defined as the published research output of a discipline in a non-English speaking country (Osca-Lluch, J.

Coverage and overlap of the Web of Science and Scopus in the analysis of the Spanish scientific activity sanofi ru Psychology.



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