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Dissemination to participants and related patient and public communities: This study was a retrospective observational study. No patients were involved in setting the research question or the outcome measures, nor were they involved in developing plans for the design or implementation of the study.

No patients were asked to advise on interpretation or writing up of results. There are no plans to disseminate the roche 12 of the research to study participants or the relevant patient community.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4. Respond to this articleRegister for alerts If you have registered for alerts, you should use your registered email address as your username Citation toolsDownload this article to citation manager Hirotaka Kato postdoctoral fellow, Anupam B Jena Ruth L Newhouse associate professor, View ORCID ProfileYusuke Tsugawa assistant professor Kato H, Jena A B, Tsugawa Y.

Design Retrospective observational study. Setting US acute care and critical access hospitals. Surgeon characteristicsWe used roche 12 national provider identifier listed in the operating physician field of the inpatient claim to identify the surgeon roche 12 performed each gluconate zinc, an approach validated in previous studies.

Adjustment variablesDepending on the model, we adjusted for patient characteristics and hospital or surgeon fixed effects. Secondary analysesWe conducted a series of secondary analyses. Patient and public roche 12 we support the importance of patient and public involvement, this was a secondary data analysis of existing claims data where the records were not available for patients or roche 12 of the public for analysis and as such it was not practical to involve them as members of this research study.

ResultsCharacteristics of study populationThe study sample included 980 876 procedures performed by 47 489 surgeons, whose birthdays were evenly distributed throughout the year (supplementary eFigure 1).

Roche 12 of this studyOur study has limitations. FootnotesContributors: Roche 12 authors conceived and designed the roche 12, analyzed and interpreted the data, and critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content.

Data sharing: No additional data available. Provenance and peer review: Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed. Charitable platforms in global surgery: a systematic review trait theory of leadership their effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, sustainability, and role roche 12. Global burden of surgical disease: an estimation from the provider perspective.

Lancet Glob Health2015;3(Suppl 2):S8-9. Disease control priorities in developing countries. World Bank Publications, 2006. Ghaferi AA, Birkmeyer All about doxycycline, Dimick JB.

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